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All about Dry Skin

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EXPERTS SPEAK

Dry skin is deficient in epidermal lipids or natural moisturizing factors (water binding substances which are of key importance in maintaining appropriate skin hydration) because of under active sebaceous glands. As a result of that the skin layers find it difficult to retain moisture and build a protective shield against external influences. This leads to an impaired/ compromised skin barrier function resulting in more trans epidermal water loss or excessive loss of moisture from the skin layers.

Dry skin exists in varying degrees of severity ranging from dry to very dry skin to extremely dry skin. If left unattended, dry skin may become more sensitive and prone to rashes and skin breakdown. This skin type is prone to premature ageing and wrinkles.


MUST KNOW FACTS ABOUT THIS SKIN TYPE

  1. Skin type does not remain static; it can alter with time depending upon a number of external & internal factors.
  2. The contributory factors or causes for dry skin are- 
    • External factors: harsh weather conditions, seasonal changes, excessive sun exposure, heat, dust, pollution.
    • Internal factors: genetics, hormonal changes, diet, medical conditions (psoriasis, diabetes, hypothyroidism, high blood pressure).
    • Certain oral or topical (eg retinol, kojic acid, salicylic acid etc) medications.
    • Choosing incorrect skincare products and regime: this is extremely important but is usually overlooked. Hence make sure you use only those skincare products that have a cream base, do not strip away moisture, do not contain skin irritants, are skin pH friendly, formulated specifically for your skin type/ concerns/ needs and are safe (do not contain toxic/ harmful ingredients in them) for application on human skin.
    • Excessive use of artificial heating or cooling devices.
    • Smoking
  3. Dehydrated skin is often confused with dry skin type: dehydrated skin develops because of increased water loss from the superficial layers of skin, whereas, dry skin develops due to deficiency or under secretion of skin lipids/sebum/oil as a result of which the skin becomes excessively permeable. Dehydrated skin is not a skin type it is merely a skin condition hence any skin type can become dehydrated.
  4. Age induced dryness is visible when people get old because their skin’s ability to produce sweat and lipids is decreased due to the reduction in the function of sebaceous and sweat glands in the skin. Dry skin and ageing are interrelated, and can form a vicious circle.
  5. Always consult a dermatologist; without any delay; if you are suffering from excessive dry skin because the initial symptoms of a number of severe skin conditions like psoriasis and eczema is dryness. If left unattended these skin conditions can become worse.

SPECIFIC SKINCARE REGIME

Step-1: CLEANSING

  • As dry skin is deficient in natural moisturizing factors one must always use face wash or cleansers that are skin pH friendly so that they do not deplete the skin barrier further. Depletion in skin barrier functions enhances the loss of moisture from the skin layers.
  • Also any face wash you use should always have a ‘cream base’ and ideally should be ‘soap free’.

You can also read the DO’s & DON’Ts of CLEANSING

Step-2: EXFOLIATING

  • Exfoliate your skin 2 times in a week; once using synthetic face scrubs and then the next time using homemade face scrub. Read our Natural Effective Home Remedies Section to find out how to make natural scrubs.

You can also read the DO’s & DON’Ts of EXFOLIATION

Step-3: MOISTURIZING

  • Applying the correct moisturizing ingredients holds the key in combating dry skin. 
  • At night always go in for thick creams which have adequate amounts of skin replenishing and moisture binding ingredients because during the night your cream’s ingredients get absorbed more efficiently inside your skin; as you are not exposed to sun/dust/pollution. You can also opt for coconut oil/almond oil (for non acne prone skin only) or jojoba oil/argan oil (for acne prone skin) once or twice in a week.
  • For your body- Apply a moisturizer/cream on damp skin immediately after a shower.

You can also read the DO’s & DON’Ts of MOISTURIZATION 

Step-4: PROTECTING (sunscreen)

  • Sunscreens are important for everyone but for dry skinned people it becomes even more important.
  • Go in for sunscreens that have a cream base.

You can also read the DO’s & DON’Ts of SUN PROTECTION

Step-5: PAMPERING (Face packs/masks)

  • Dry skin needs this extra bit of pampering. Therefore apply a face pack at least once a week.
  • You can buy ready made face packs from the market or make it at home. Preferably homemade packs are more effective for dry skinned people.

IF YOU have any skin concerns like (uneven skin tone, acne, post acne scars, wrinkles, fine lines, sagging skin, dullness, stubborn blackheads, hyperpigmentation, dark circles, enlarged pores, complexion enhancement, dark spots, sun spots,  rosacea, melasma, skin allergies etc) then in addition to your daily regime you will require TARGETED TREATMENT regime which is specific for your skin concern but at the same time is also mild on your skin (eg milder forms of retinoids/pigment reducing ingredients etc).

CLICK TO GET A COMPLETE SKINCARE REGIME CUSTOMIZED (Specifically for your Skin Type, Concerns & Needs); BY OUR DERMATOLOGISTS/SKIN EXPERTS


NATURAL EFFECTIVE HOME REMEDIES

  1. CLEANSING-
  • Cleansing with cold milk: Dip cotton in cold milk and cleanse your face with it.
  • Oatmeal bath:  Blend 2 cup of dry oatmeal (use plain instant, quick oats, or slow cooking oats) in a food processor or blender until you have a fine powder. Scatter the mixture into a tub of lukewarm water. Swirl with your hand a few times for even distribution. Take bath with this water.
  • Milk, Honey & Almond oil bath: Add 2 tablespoons of honey, 3 tablespoons of powdered milk and 1/2 tablespoon of almond oil to your lukewarm to warm (not hot) bath water.

     2. EXFOLIATION-

  • Sugar scrub: Mix 2 tablespoon of brown sugar, 1 tablespoon finely ground coffee, 1 tablespoon of olive/ almond oil (if your skin is not acne prone) or jajoba/ argan oil (if your skin is acne prone). Mix it for 1-2 mins so that the sugar gets slightly melted. Dampen the skin with water, and scrub gently in circular motions.You can also keep this on for 5 mins after scrubbing before finally washing off with lukewarm water. 

     3. PAMPERING WITH FACE PACKS-

When choosing ready-made face packs always go in for packs that have oats as the base. Additionally you can opt for ingredients like shea butter, papaya, milk etc.

  • Oatmeal & honey pack: Mix equal quantities of both oatmeal and honey together.
    Apply it on your dry skin. Let it dry for 15 minutes and then rinse it off with lukewarm water.
  • Milk cream as a pack: Mix milk cream to three to four tablespoons of gram flour/ wheat flour (whichever suits you) to make a thick paste. Apply the paste on your face, hands and legs. Leave it on for 15 minutes and then rinse it off with lukewarm water. 
  • Avocado, Banana & Papaya mask: Mash 1 ripe fresh avocado, 1 ripe Banana and 1/2 Papaya. Mix these fruits into a nice paste and apply it on your dry skin. Let it dry for 15 minutes and then rinse it off with lukewarm water.
*Disclaimer : Result may vary from person to person.