ROSACEA: Rosacea is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition characterized by excessive redness on the nose, cheeks, chin and forehead. Occasionally it may be accompanied by watery and bloodshot eyes (known as ocular rosacea).
- Rosacea can vary substantially from one individual to another.
- Although rosacea can develop in people of any skin color, it tends to occur most frequently and is most apparent in people with fair skin.
- Prompt recognition and proper treatment is the key because if left untreated rosacea tends to worsen with time.
- Severe untreated cases of eye rosacea (ocular rosacea) can result in corneal damage and vision loss.
- Persistent Facial Redness: It may resemble a blush or sunburn that does not go away. It is often accompanied by a burning or stinging
- Small Red solid Bumps or pus-filled Pimples: While these may resemble acne, blackheads are absent and burning or stinging may occur.
- Facial Swelling: It can affect the entire face or can be confined only to one part of the face. In most cases the nose becomes enlarged, swelled and bulbous.
- Small red lines /blood vessels visible under the facial skin: In many people with rosacea, small blood vessels become visible on the skin.
- Eye Irritation: Eyes may be irritated and appear watery or bloodshot. The eyelids also may become red and swollen, and styles become common.
- Skin Thickening: The skin may thicken and enlarge from excess tissue, most commonly on the nose.
Experts are not sure what causes rosacea though it seems to run in families hence it is thought to be genetic.
Rosacea is usually diagnosed by a dermatologist visually through a physical examination and history of your symptoms. In some cases, your doctor may need to rule out other conditions, such as other forms of acne, psoriasis, various forms of eczema or lupus, which can sometimes cause similar signs and symptoms.
The signs and symptoms of rosacea vary substantially from one patient to another, and treatment must therefore be tailored by a physician for each individual case.
- Dermatologists often prescribe initial treatment with oral and topical medications to bring the condition under immediate control, followed by long-term use of topical therapy to keep flare-ups and relapses at bay.
- Eye irritation and redness is treated with oral antibiotics and ophthalmic therapy.
- When appropriate, treatments with lasers, intense pulsed light sources or other surgical methods may be used to remove visible blood vessels, reduce extensive redness or correct disfigurement of the nose.
Consult your Dermatologist:
- If you are suffering from persistent redness with burning or stinging sensation.
- If you are suffering from small red pus filled pimples accompanied by redness.
- If you are suffering from persistent styes on your eyes.
- If rosacea is common or runs in your family.
Dr. T. K. Gupta (MD, Skin)
(This condition cannot be fully prevented. It can only be controlled from getting full blown.)
- Find your triggers. The most important thing is to learn what triggers your flare-ups, and then avoid them. It can help to keep a diary of what you were eating, drinking, and doing on days that the rosacea appeared.
- Choose skincare products with caution: Use skin care products that are specifically formulated for sensitive or rosacea skin. Seek professional help for selecting products according to your specific skin type/ condition/ needs.
CLICK THE LINK TO READ OUR: DO’s & DON’Ts for people suffering from Rosacea
COMMON QUERIES- RESOLVED
Q1) Is rosacea contagious?
Ans: No. Rosacea is not an infectious disease and it cannot be spread by contact with the skin or through inhaling airborne bacteria.
Q2) Will my rosacea get worse with age?
Ans: There is no way to predict how an individual’s rosacea will progress, although the signs and symptoms tend to become increasingly severe if left untreated.
Q3) What are the most common lifestyle and environmental factors that aggravate rosacea or trigger flare-ups?
Ans: Some of the most common rosacea triggers are: sun exposure, emotional stress, hot or cold weather, wind, alcohol, spicy foods, heavy exercise, hot baths, heated beverages and certain skin-care products.
Q4) What about long-term side effects?
Ans: Topical therapy results in such minimal levels of medication in the bloodstream, if any, that there is virtually no risk of systemic side.
Q5) What skin-care products are appropriate to use with rosacea?
Ans: a) Products containing alcohol, witch hazel, fragrance, menthol, peppermint, eucalyptus oil, clove oil and salicylic acid can irritate the skin of rosacea sufferers. Also avoid astringents and exfoliating agents.
b) Sunscreens or sunblocks effective against the full spectrum of ultraviolet A and B radiation can be especially important for rosacea patients. Also physical blocks utilizing zinc or titanium dioxide may be effective if chemical sunscreens cause irritation.
CLICK THE LINK TO READ OUR: Home Remedies for ROSACEA
PLZ Note: A condition known as Telangiectasia may or may not be associated with rosacea.
Telangiectasia is a condition characterize by small enlarged visible superficial blood vessels, appearing as small red or purple clusters on facial skin.