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Dry skin is deficient in epidermal lipids or natural moisturizing factors (water binding substances which are of key importance in maintaining appropriate skin hydration) because of under active sebaceous glands. As a result of that the skin layers find it difficult to retain moisture and build a protective shield against external influences. This leads to an impaired/ compromised skin barrier function resulting in more trans epidermal water loss or excessive loss of moisture from the skin layers.

Dry skin exists in varying degrees of severity ranging from dry to very dry skin to extremely dry skin. If left unattended, dry skin may become more sensitive and prone to rashes and skin breakdown. This skin type is prone to premature ageing and wrinkles.

Dr. T. K. Gupta (MD, Skin)

  1. Skin type does not remain static; it can alter with time depending upon a number of external & internal factors.
  2. The contributory factors or causes for dry skin are- 
    • External factors: harsh weather conditions, seasonal changes, excessive sun exposure, heat, dust, pollution.
    • Internal factors: genetics, hormonal changes, diet, medical conditions (psoriasis, diabetes, hypothyroidism, high blood pressure).
    • Certain oral or topical (eg retinol, kojic acid, salicylic acid etc) medications.
    • Choosing incorrect skincare products and regime: this is extremely important but is usually overlooked. Hence make sure you use only those skincare products that have a cream base, do not strip away moisture, do not contain skin irritants, are skin pH friendly, formulated specifically for your skin type/ concerns/ needs and are safe (do not contain toxic/ harmful ingredients in them) for application on human skin.
    • Excessive use of artificial heating or cooling devices.
    • Smoking
  3. Dehydrated skin is often confused with dry skin type: dehydrated skin develops because of increased water loss from the superficial layers of skin, whereas, dry skin develops due to deficiency or under secretion of skin lipids/sebum/oil as a result of which the skin becomes excessively permeable. Dehydrated skin is not a skin type it is merely a skin condition hence any skin type can become dehydrated.
  4. Age induced dryness is visible when people get old because their skin’s ability to produce sweat and lipids is decreased due to the reduction in the function of sebaceous and sweat glands in the skin. Dry skin and ageing are interrelated, and can form a vicious circle.
  5. Always consult a dermatologist; without any delay; if you are suffering from excessive dry skin because the initial symptoms of a number of severe skin conditions like psoriasis and eczema is dryness. If left unattended these skin conditions can become worse.


  • Have a balanced diet containing sufficient fats.
  • Eat plenty of citrus fruits. Drinking fresh fruit juice is also a good option.
  • Add olive oil, avocados and cucumber to your diet.
  • Consume omega-3 fatty acids (Sources: nuts, fish, eggs), essential vitamins (Vit A, B, C, D, E) and minerals like copper & zinc.
  • Add probiotics to your diet. 
  • Don’t forget to consume around 2-3 lts of water everyday.








Step-1: CLEANSING (face wash/cleansers)

  • As dry skin is deficient in natural moisturizing factors one must always use face wash or cleansers that are skin pH friendly so that they do not deplete the skin barrier further. Depletion in skin barrier functions enhances the loss of moisture from the skin layers.
  • Also any face wash you use should always have a ‘cream base’ and ideally should be ‘soap free’.
  • The face wash should be devoid of harsh surfactants, skin irritants, colorants and low quality preservatives.
  • Wash your face only once; either in the morning or in the evening/night (which ever suits you) using a mild face wash/cleanser. Apart from this whenever you have to clean your face during the day always do it with cleansing milk or cleansing lotion or baby oil or homemade natural face wash to clean your face instead of a face wash.
  • For your body- Use extra gentle moisturizing soaps or mild soap free body washes.

You can also read the DO’s & DON’Ts of CLEANSING

Step-2: EXFOLIATING (face scrubs)

  • Exfoliate your skin 2 times in a week; once using synthetic face scrubs and then the next time using homemade face scrub. Read our NATURAL REMEDIES- FOR DRY SKIN to find out how to make natural scrubs.
  • Always use cream based scrubs having fine gentle beads/scrubbing agents.
  • Go in for which have words like ‘mild’ ‘for everyday use’ on the label.

You can also read the DO’s & DON’Ts of EXFOLIATION

Step-3: MOISTURIZING (cream/lotion)

  • Applying the correct moisturizing ingredients holds the key in combating dry skin. Ingredients essential for helping restore skin moisture are urea, lactate, gluco-glycerol, glycerine, squalene, ceramides, hyaluronic acid.
  • During the day use a moisturiser that has a moderately thick texture (neither very heavy nor very light in texture). You can opt for a sunscreen which has a cream base (water in cream composition). Also you can go in for a BB or CC cream; but be very careful in picking one. BB or CC creams for dry skin should be devoid of any retinols, tocopherols, denatured alcohols and colorants.
  • At night always go in for thick creams which have adequate amounts of skin replenishing and moisture binding ingredients because during the night your cream’s ingredients get absorbed more efficiently inside your skin; as you are not exposed to sun/dust/pollution. You can also opt for coconut oil/almond oil (for non acne prone skin only) or jojoba oil/argan oil (for acne prone skin) once or twice in a week.
  • For your body- Apply a moisturizer/cream on damp skin immediately after a shower.

You can also read the DO’s & DON’Ts of MOISTURIZATION

IF YOU have any skin concerns like (uneven skin tone, acne, post acne scars, wrinkles, fine lines, sagging skin, dullness, stubborn blackheads, hyperpigmentation, dark circles, enlarged pores, complexion enhancement, dark spots, sun spots,  rosacea, melasma, skin allergies etc) then in addition to your daily regime you will require TARGETED TREATMENT regime which is specific for your skin concern but at the same time is also mild on your skin (eg milder forms of retinoids/pigment reducing ingredients etc).CLICK TO GET A DETAILED FACE CARE REGIME DEVISED EXCLUSIVELY FOR YOUR SKIN TYPE/ CONCERNS/ NEEDS

Step-4: PROTECTING (sunscreens)

  • Sunscreens are important for everyone but for dry skinned people it becomes even more important.
  • Go in for sunscreens that have a cream base, are hypo-allergic and preferably go in for physical sunscreens.

You can also read the DO’s & DON’Ts of SUN PROTECTION

Step-5: PAMPERING (with face packs/masks)

  • Dry skin needs this extra bit of pampering. Therefore apply a face pack at least once a week.
  • It is very important to choose face packs according to your specific skin type and concerns.
  • You can buy ready made face packs from the market or make it at home. Preferably homemade packs are more effective for dry skinned people. Read our NATURAL REMEDIES- FOR DRY SKIN to find out how to make face packs.
*Disclaimer : Result may vary from person to person.