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All about Enlarged Pores

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EXPERTS SPEAK

There are two major factors that contribute to large pores: genetics and age. People who have skin that is naturally thick and oily tend to have larger pores. As people get older, too, sun damage and decreased skin elasticity can cause pores to dilate. Don’t get fooled or lured with the claims that you can shrink pores by using certain products for one can minimize the appearance but definitely cannot reduce the size of the pores with certain products. Start using collagen boosters early in life to maintain the pores shape and delay age induced pore enlargement.


MUST KNOW FACTS ABOUT ENLARGED PORES

  1. Skin pore is simply the opening of the hair follicle on the skin. It is through these pores that the lipids or sebum (secreted by the sebaceous glands present along the hair follicles) is released onto the surface of the skin. For every hair on your body, there is a corresponding pore; although we can’t see all of these pores, we can see some of them.
  2. Sebum is to keep the skin and hair naturally moisturized.  Sebum is made up of triglycerides, free fatty acids, wax esters, squalene, cholesterol esters, and cholesterol. The oil on the surface of the skin isn’t just made up of sebum, however; it also includes lipids from skin cells, sweat, and environmental matter. This oil helps in maintaining the natural skin barrier of the skin by protecting against invading microbes.
  3. Benefit of having enlarged pores: As everything has a positive as well as a negative side to it. Enlarged pores also have something positive to offer but you may have to wait a few years to receive its benefits. As we age, our skin produces less oil, leading to dryness. This dryness, coupled with environmental damage to the skin, causes skin to age and wrinkle. Large pores produce more oil, and this comes in handy later in life when your skin needs it most. So they will prove to be a boon later in life.

CAUSE

  1. Genetics: Genes are the greatest determining factor for the pore size. People with large pores on their faces often have family members with large pores. Many people inherit thick, oily skin, which causes their pores to appear enlarged.
  2. Age: Your age is another determining factor when it comes to pore size. As you grow older, your skin loses its elasticity, which causes your skin to stretch and sag, making the pores on your face appear larger. Your skin also thickens as you age, which causes minuscule skin cells to gather around your pores, making your pores look bigger.
  3. Sun Damage: Years of sun exposure can make the pores on your face appear larger. Prolonged sun exposure over time can also damage the skin collagen, thereby shrinking the elasticity of the walls of the skin pore canals making them sag and look bigger.
  4. Excessive Oil Production: If the oil production is normal, the natural oil (sebum) clearly flows through the skin pore lining to get out of the pore and spread over the skin’s surface gradually. On the other hand if the oil glands produce too much of oil, the excess oil combines with other substances (like skin dead cells, dirt, and sweat) in the pores to create clogs. Consequently, these clogs render it tough for the oil to flow freely, thereby causing the pores to get enlarged.

Excessive oil production can also result from-

  • Using skincare products that clog pores or cause your oil glands to produce more oil.
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Frequent facial procedures

Although the pores widen to offer extra space for the oil to flow out, the oil can still be entrapped (particularly around the nose) by the dead skin cells. When this happens, the substances (oil and skin cells) at the head of the clogged pores is exposed to the air and oxidized to form blackheads.


TREATMENT OPTIONS

  1. Do it yourself treatment-
    • Exfoliating, cleansing and moisturizing: Open pores tend to look enlarged when they are clogged with oil. One fast way to shrink large pores is by proper consistent cleansing to get rid of dead skin cells. You can consider using gentle or low concentrations of lactic, glycolic or salicylic acid. Moisturize with skin replenishing ingredients so that the connective tissue around the pores remains firm. 
    • Home remedies to clean pores making them appear smaller. You can also read our NATURAL EFFECTIVE HOME REMEDIES below to Combat Enlarged Pores.
  2. By a dermatologist-
    • Prescription retinoid creams: “Prescription retinoid creams such as Tazarac, Retin-A, and Differin exfoliate pores and flush them of oil and buildup, which makes them appear smaller.
    • Chemical peels: moderate strength of salicylic-acid peel is one of the best ways to exfoliate the skin. It can also be combined with lactic acid, retinol, trichloroacetic acid to remove the outer layer of dead skin.
    • Laser Skin Resurfacing.
    • IPL Photo facials.
    • Photodynamic Therapy.

PREVENTION

Important Points to Remember:

  1. Dehydrated skin will also make pores look more visible as the skin stretches and emphasizes pore size.
  2. Cleaner pores are less obvious than pores that are clogged with makeup, dirt or oil. Regular cleansing and exfoliation are the key, while a weekly treatment mask will also help.
  3. In an attempt to keep pores clear, it’s common to over-exfoliate, which can actually cause pore-engorging inflammation — the opposite of what you’re going for. Swap gritty scrubs for a much gentler wipe or pad infused with chemical exfoliants like glycolic acid or salicylic acid. Only use it two or three times a week, not daily.
  4. Follow Correct Skincare Regime.
  5. Use Effective, Skin Type Specific and Safe Skincare Products.

Click to: GET YOUR COMPLETE SKINCARE REGIME CUSTOMIZED (Specifically for your Skin Type, Concerns & Needs); BY OUR DERMATOLOGISTS/ SKIN EXPERTS


ESSENTIAL DO’s & DON’Ts

Click to Read: DO’s & DON’Ts for people having Enlarged Pores


COMMON QUERIES- RESOLVED 

Q1. Can regular steaming reduce the size of pores?

ANS: Steaming has nothing to do with changing the size of your pores. It’s simply an effective way of cleaning them out, and getting rid of excess debris and makeup can actually make pores look smaller.

Q2. Can you get rid of enlarged pores permanently?

ANS: You can’t banish them completely, but with the right skin care, you can make pores less noticeable. You can make pores look smaller by removing excess sebum, debris and makeup from the pore.

Q3. Some skincare products claim to permanently reduce pores, are these claims authentic?

ANS: What these skincare products imply by such claims is that their products help in reducing the appearance of enlarged pores. Unclogging the pores and keeping them clean eventually makes the pores appear smaller imparting a smooth look on the skin.


NATURAL EFFECTIVE HOME REMEDIES

  1. Butter Milk Cleanse: Cleansing cum pore reduction: Dip cotton wool/ cloth in butter milk and cleanse your face with this to tighten open pores plus simultaneously cleansing your skin.Additionally you can also allow it to sit on your skin for 5 minutes before washing off.
  2. Ice Magic: Ice works as a simple and effective home remedy to help shrink large pores due to its skin tightening effect. It also stimulates circulation. Preparation & Application- Wrap a few ice cubes in a clean washcloth and hold it on your skin for 15 to 30 seconds. Do this a few times daily. You can reduce the frequency of use when you see improvement. To enhance the benefits of this remedy, infuse the water for ice cubes with cucumber juice, apple juice, green tea or rose water.
  3. Sugar Scrub: Homemade sugar scrubs can be of great help in reducing large pores as they exfoliate the skin and remove excess oil and impurities. Preparation & Application- Mix equal parts of honey and lemon juice and sprinkle sugar onto this. Massage your skin with it, and leave it on for five to 10 minutes before rinsing it off. Repeat once or twice a week for a month, or until you achieve the desired results.
  4. Apple Cider Vinegar: Apple cider vinegar works as a natural astringent and skin toner. Thus, it tightens your skin, reduces large pores, and restores the skin’s pH balance. Plus, it has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties that help treat acne breakouts. Preparation & Application- Mix equal amounts of organic apple cider vinegar and water. Soak a cotton ball in the solution and apply it to your face. Leave it on for a few minutes, and then rinse it off. For best results, use this remedy every night after cleansing your face. Follow up with a light moisturizer. You will notice improvement within a few weeks.
  5. Egg White Mask: Egg whites are also widely used to shrink enlarged pores because they tone and tighten the skin. Egg white masks are also great for drawing excess oil out of greasy skin. Preparation & Application- Simply whip two egg whites along with the juice squeezed from half of a lemon. Spread it on your face, and leave it on for about 10 minutes or until it dries completely. Rinse it off with cool water. Repeat a few times a week for one month.
  6. Almond Mask: Almonds are great sources of essential vitamins and hence they benefit the skin in more than one way. Preparation & Application- Blend 1/3 cup of almonds until they become a powder. Then, add water gradually until you get a dough. Apply this starting with your nose and going out to the areas that have the enlarged pores. Let sit for 30 minutes and then wash your face with lukewarm water. Do this treatment at least twice a week.
  7. Tomato Mask: Tomatoes can be used in a number of ways to reduce oil content, sizes of pores and their appearance. Preparation & Application- Add the juice of a tomato to sandalwood or multani mitti and apply on the face. Alternately, dip cotton in tomato juice and apply. Leave it on for about 15 minutes before washing it off.
  8. Fruit Mask: Make use of the magic of pineapple enzymes. Preparation & Application- Mash a slice of pineapple and mix few drops of lemon juice to it. Apply on your face. Leave it on for about 15 minutes before washing it off.This recipe helps to close up large and open pores.

DAILY USE SKINCARE PRODUCT RECOMMENDATIONS

Important tips-The foremost thing in dealing with enlarged pores is keeping the pores clean. Also it is important to note that skincare products can minimize the appearance and provide a tightening effect but they cannot bring about a permanent change (reduction of size) in the basic pore structure present in the skin. Also always discuss any change or addition of a skincare product in your regular routine; if you are under some acne medication by a dermatologist. 

*Disclaimer : Result may vary from person to person.