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All about Enlarged Pores

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EXPERTS SPEAK

There are two major factors that contribute to large pores: genetics and age. People who have skin that is naturally thick and oily tend to have larger pores. As people get older, too, sun damage and decreased skin elasticity can cause pores to dilate. Don’t get fooled or lured with the claims that you can shrink pores by using certain products for one can minimize the appearance but definitely cannot reduce the size of the pores with certain products. Start using collagen boosters early in life to maintain the pores shape and delay age induced pore enlargement.


MUST KNOW FACTS ABOUT ENLARGED PORES

  1. Skin pore is simply the opening of the hair follicle on the skin. It is through these pores that the lipids or sebum (secreted by the sebaceous glands present along the hair follicles) is released onto the surface of the skin. For every hair on your body, there is a corresponding pore; although we can’t see all of these pores, we can see some of them.
  2. Sebum is to keep the skin and hair naturally moisturized.  Sebum is made up of triglycerides, free fatty acids, wax esters, squalene, cholesterol esters, and cholesterol. The oil on the surface of the skin isn’t just made up of sebum, however; it also includes lipids from skin cells, sweat, and environmental matter. This oil helps in maintaining the natural skin barrier of the skin by protecting against invading microbes.
  3. Benefit of having enlarged pores: As everything has a positive as well as a negative side to it. Enlarged pores also have something positive to offer but you may have to wait a few years to receive its benefits. As we age, our skin produces less oil, leading to dryness. This dryness, coupled with environmental damage to the skin, causes skin to age and wrinkle. Large pores produce more oil, and this comes in handy later in life when your skin needs it most. So they will prove to be a boon later in life.

CAUSE

  1. Genetics: Genes are the greatest determining factor for the pore size. People with large pores on their faces often have family members with large pores. Many people inherit thick, oily skin, which causes their pores to appear enlarged.
  2. Age: Your age is another determining factor when it comes to pore size. As you grow older, your skin loses its elasticity, which causes your skin to stretch and sag, making the pores on your face appear larger. Your skin also thickens as you age, which causes minuscule skin cells to gather around your pores, making your pores look bigger.
  3. Sun Damage: Years of sun exposure can make the pores on your face appear larger. Prolonged sun exposure over time can also damage the skin collagen, thereby shrinking the elasticity of the walls of the skin pore canals making them sag and look bigger.
  4. Excessive Oil Production: If the oil production is normal, the natural oil (sebum) clearly flows through the skin pore lining to get out of the pore and spread over the skin’s surface gradually. On the other hand if the oil glands produce too much of oil, the excess oil combines with other substances (like skin dead cells, dirt, and sweat) in the pores to create clogs. Consequently, these clogs render it tough for the oil to flow freely, thereby causing the pores to get enlarged.

Excessive oil production can also result from-

  • Using skincare products that clog pores or cause your oil glands to produce more oil.
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Frequent facial procedures

Although the pores widen to offer extra space for the oil to flow out, the oil can still be entrapped (particularly around the nose) by the dead skin cells. When this happens, the substances (oil and skin cells) at the head of the clogged pores is exposed to the air and oxidized to form blackheads.


TREATMENT OPTIONS

  1. Do it yourself treatment-
    • Exfoliating, cleansing and moisturizing: Open pores tend to look enlarged when they are clogged with oil. One fast way to shrink large pores is by proper consistent cleansing to get rid of dead skin cells. You can consider using gentle or low concentrations of lactic, glycolic or salicylic acid. Moisturize with skin replenishing ingredients so that the connective tissue around the pores remains firm. 
    • Home remedies to clean pores making them appear smaller. You can also read our NATURAL EFFECTIVE HOME REMEDIES below to Combat Enlarged Pores.
  2. By a dermatologist-
    • Prescription retinoid creams: “Prescription retinoid creams such as Tazarac, Retin-A, and Differin exfoliate pores and flush them of oil and buildup, which makes them appear smaller.
    • Chemical peels: moderate strength of salicylic-acid peel is one of the best ways to exfoliate the skin. It can also be combined with lactic acid, retinol, trichloroacetic acid to remove the outer layer of dead skin.
    • Laser Skin Resurfacing.
    • IPL Photo facials.
    • Photodynamic Therapy.

IF YOU want to resolve and get rid of your skin concern (Enlarged Pores); then instead of a Basic Skincare Regime; you would require a CUSTOMIZED SKINCARE REGIME (containing specific skincare products that can target to resolve your concerns) along with correct skincare guidance. 

CLICK TO GET A COMPLETE SKINCARE REGIME CUSTOMIZED (Specifically for your Skin Type, Skin Concerns & Needs); BY OUR DERMATOLOGISTS/SKIN EXPERTS


COMMON QUERIES- RESOLVED 

Q1. Can regular steaming reduce the size of pores?

ANS: Steaming has nothing to do with changing the size of your pores. It’s simply an effective way of cleaning them out, and getting rid of excess debris and makeup can actually make pores look smaller.

Q2. Can you get rid of enlarged pores permanently?

ANS: You can’t banish them completely, but with the right skin care, you can make pores less noticeable. You can make pores look smaller by removing excess sebum, debris and makeup from the pore.

Q3. Some skincare products claim to permanently reduce pores, are these claims authentic?

ANS: What these skincare products imply by such claims is that their products help in reducing the appearance of enlarged pores. Unclogging the pores and keeping them clean eventually makes the pores appear smaller imparting a smooth look on the skin.

*Disclaimer : Result may vary from person to person.