Hyper-pigmentation is characterized by a darkening of an area of skin caused by the overproduction of a pigment in the skin known as melanin. Melanin is a pigment that gives skin its color. It is produced by skin cells called melanocytes.
Proper evaluation of the patient which can help to diagnose the right reason why one has developed pigmentation is the key. Since the pigmentation can also be caused by systemic illnesses, treating the cause can also help in reducing the pigmentation.
Hyper-pigmentation is usually used as a common term for any skin darkening but it is important to know the different types:
Note: It is always advisable to consult a dermatologist as soon as you see the first signs of pigmentation because it is imperative to find out the underlying cause of hyper-pigmentation so that you can prevent it from getting worse. Also it is much easier to resolve hyperpigmentation in early stage.
MUST KNOW FACTS ABOUT HYPER-PIGMENTATION
The most common causes of hyper-pigmentation are:
The most commonly employed treatments for hyper-pigmentation are as follows:
Well the first line of therapy for hyper-pigmentation is a broad-spectrum sunscreen to protect the skin from sun exposure. The second line of therapy involves usage of hydroquinone, tretinoin, azelaic acid, or kojic acid.
Plz Note: though some of these creams may be available over-the-counter; it should be used only under medical supervision or as prescribed by your dermatologist/ cosmetologist.
IF YOU want to resolve and get rid of your skin concern (Hyperpigmentation); then instead of a Basic Skincare Regime; you would require a CUSTOMIZED SKINCARE REGIME (containing specific skincare products that can target to resolve your concerns) along with correct skincare guidance.
COMMON QUERIES- RESOLVED
Q1) Scrubbing the skin using wash cloths, sponges or gritty exfoliants helps to remove dark spots and pigmentation?
ANS: Inflammation actually triggers your skin to produce pigment. Scrubbing and irritating your skin will typically make skin discoloration worse, not better.
Q2) Do men need separate de-pigmentation creams for treatment?
ANS: No. Hyper-pigmentation in both men and women occurs in the same manner (with the exception of hormonal changes as seen in women) and thus the treatment is common.
Q3) I have always used expensive cosmetics and never had acne, then why did I develop pigmentation?
ANS: Although some cosmetics are known to cause hyper-pigmentation, cosmetics may not be the sole cause for everyone with the problem. Other factors such as sun exposure, hormonal changes, abrasive treatments that cause inflammation, etc can also cause hyper-pigmentation.
Q4) How long does it take for hyper-pigmentation to go away?
ANS: It depends on the cause and the type of treatment approach your physician chooses. Realistically, it could take from weeks to months before hyper-pigmentation disappears completely. It is important that you closely follow the treatment regimen your doctor prescribes and learn how to lower your risk for developing hyper-pigmentation in the future.
Q5) I heard fragrance containing products trigger post-inflammatory hyper-pigmentation, so what about the perfumes?
ANS: Perfumes are usually applied on the body, behind earlobes or inner part of our wrists and not on our face. Our concern in all the above sections have been fragrance containing skincare products which remain in direct contact with the skin. Also all skin types are not equally prone to irritation from fragrances. Still its always a good idea to spray the perfume on the clothes instead of spraying directly onto the skin.