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All about Wrinkles & Fine lines

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Our skin ages for a variety of different reasons and partly due to our genetics. This intrinsic (genetics) factor combines with extrinsic factors like environmental as well as lifestyle to trigger the slowing down of key processes and functions in the skin. It is this slowing down which causes the most visible signs of ageing: fine lines, wrinkles, loss of volume, loss of density and radiance.

Changes due to chronological ageing and genetics are inevitable but we have control over the extrinsic factors of ageing and thus it is important we incorporate prevention steps in our lifestyle as part of a holistic approach to prevention.

It is always a good option to set a tone to begin preventive measures as early as your 20’s; but also remember that it is never too late to start caring for your skin.


  1. Signs of ageing skin:
    • Thinning of the skin surface
    • Dryness, roughness and itching
    • Fine lines & wrinkles
    • Age spots or liver spots
    • Sagging or drooping of skin
    • Broken blood vessels
  2. All the three layers of the skin are affected due to the changes in ageing.
    • Epidermal layer: slower cell turnover and reduction in lipid production on the skins surface means roughness, dryness and thinning are more likely. As this particular layer of the skin ages; it becomes more sensitive to UV light, less efficient healing process and more prone to infection.
    • Dermal layers: gradually the collagen and elastic levels of the skin decrease which reduces skin elasticity making the skin prone to wrinkles. There is also a decrease in the blood flow which means a less efficient delivery of nutrition and oxygen to the surface. This leads to a decrease of the rosy glow enjoyed by youthful skin.
    • Subdermal layers: drop in both size and number of fat cells with age, result in loss of volume, hollow cheeks, deeper wrinkles.
  3. There are two types of wrinkles: dynamic and static.
    • Dynamic wrinkles are those wrinkles and lines that appear when your face is animated and are caused by facial expressions and repetitive facial movements. (When our facial muscles contract; the skin over those muscles stretches to accommodate. When we’re young; our skin bounces back after squinting, smiling or laughing. Eventually with age; however; our skin can no longer bounce back, and the dynamic wrinkles start to become more permanent. Eg crow’s feet.
    • Static wrinkles are those facial lines that are evident even when our face is at rest, thus constantly visible. These are caused by gravity, loss of fat & collagen and loss of the skin’s elasticity.
  4. Intrinsic factors that cause ageing:
    • Genetics: genetic make-up of a person plays a major role on how the skin ages. The skin type we are born with makes a difference on how quickly the signs of ageing appear on the surface of the skin. For example a fair sensitive skin is prone to wrinkles at an early age, while in Asian skin wrinkles appear comparatively late as the Asian skin has a higher level of melanin in their skin.
    • Sudden hormonal changes.


Exposure to Sun/ UV (ultraviolet light) – Exposure to the sun’s rays is the primary external factor responsible for skin ageing.


Click to Fill Our ‘Skincare Query Form’ to Get Solutions from Our DERMATOLOGISTS/ SKIN EXPERTS

IF YOU want to resolve and get rid of your skin concern (Wrinkles/Fine Lines); then instead of a Basic Skincare Regime; you would require a CUSTOMIZED SKINCARE REGIME (containing specific skincare products that can target to resolve your concerns) along with correct skincare guidance. 



Q1. Excessive makeup can cause wrinkles?

ANS: Excessive makeup does not cause wrinkles instead it is the use of incorrect makeup (makeup lacking moisturizing base, having toxins, low quality colourant dyes, irritants) and lack of effective skincare to replenish skin which tends to make the skin sensitive and dry. Sensitivity means the skin’s natural barrier is disrupted making the skin prone to microbes, infections and increase in free radicals. It is these free radicals which can enhance the ageing process leading to fine lines & wrinkles. Therefore it is essential to follow a good skincare regime.

Q2. Botox is dangerous for the skin & body?

ANS: Botox itself is not dangerous; it is the precision with which it is injected; is what makes a difference. The very know how of the angle of injecting, the depth at which it should be inserted, the muscle it should target are a few things that determine the affects of a botox procedure. Therefore it is paramount to get such procedures done only by a certified cosmetic dermatologist/ surgeon.

Q3. Getting facials done will help my skin age better and get fewer wrinkles?

ANS: Facials can make you feel amazing and relaxed, but they don’t do much for your wrinkles. Sure, they cleanse, exfoliate and stimulate blood flow to the skin, but you can actually do this with a good skin care routine as well. Like anything in excess is bad, indulging in excessive regular facials can result in accelerating wrinkles instead.

Q4. Harsh face washes or skincare products can cause wrinkles?

ANS: These cannot cause wrinkles directly. Actually when we use harsh skincare ingredients on skin; they disrupt the natural skin barrier which results in making the skin prone to microbes, infections and increase in free radicals. These free radicals enhance the ageing process leading to fine lines & wrinkles.

Q5. Squinting or rubbing your eyes can cause wrinkles?

ANS: Wrinkles occur because of the cumulative effect of the repeated contraction of muscles or the places where skin cells are squeezed millions of times by facial expressions. As the skin loses firmness with age, wrinkles develop in such areas.

So, squinting, or any other repeated facial expression, like frowning or smiling, will lead to wrinkles when it is done enough times.

But on the other hand rubbing your eyes; is highly unlikely to cause wrinkles. Rubbing can cause irritation or dryness but it won’t cause permanent wrinkles.

Q6. Apply moisturizer and foundation in upward strokes or you will get wrinkles. Is this statement true?

ANS: It can have a very marginal impact because it is not necessary you will massage the area or muscles present in that area exactly the same way each time.

Q7. Fat people tend to get less wrinkles?

ANS: This is completely misunderstood. Our skin has stored fat in the subcutaneous layer which gives volume to skin. Hence as we age, with reduction in subcutaneous fat the wrinkles become more visible with loss of volume or mass.

But fat here does not mean being obese instead it is referred in the context of normal amount of fat cells that are present in the subcutaneous layer. In fact being obese increases the free radical damage. Therefore underweight, normal or overweight you are not immune from wrinkles.

Q8. What is the best age to start anti-wrinkle creams?

ANS: Sunscreen is one of the best anti-wrinkle strategies that should be started at an early age, even during childhood. We recommend that kids should apply sunscreen when exposed to bright sun. Regarding the usage of anti-wrinkle creams, you can start as soon as you observe any fine lines but ideally they can be started post 25 years of age.

Q9. If I don’t see results from my wrinkle product after one or two weeks, I should try a new one?

ANS: Our skin needs time to adapt, renew and show results. Therefore any skincare product will take about 4 weeks to show any initial result. In fact the skin-renewal cycle itself takes about 1-3 months and this slightly increases further with age.

Q10. Having a dry skin means it will age early?

ANS: Dry skin as such does not cause premature ageing. It is the under secretion of skin lipids (which ia a characteristic of dry skin) and the tendency of dry skin to become prone to dehydration; what indirectly results in the development of wrinkles. Un-attended dehydration usually disrupts the skin’s natural barrier. When this barrier is disrupted the skin becomes prone to microbes, infections and increase in free radicals. These free radicals are likely to trigger the ageing process. Therefore, efficient skincare is so critical in people who possess dry skin.

Also as dry skin is thinner the wrinkles tend to look more prominent on dry skin as compared to oily skin (which is slightly thicker in nature).

Q11. You should stop applying a retinoid cream, if your skin gets red or has a slight stinging feeling?

ANS: It is normal for all retinoids or to be precise retinoids in effective concentration levels to cause initial redness, mild stinging, dryness, mild peeling. Therefore, it is always advisable to start by applying these only 1-2 times in a week, once the skin starts tolerating and adapts to it you can gradually increase the frequency of application. But if the stinging is uncomfortable or there is excessive redness then consult your dermatologist.

Q12. Do facial exercises help in preventing wrinkles?

ANS: It’s easy to find instructions for facial exercises that supposedly prevent wrinkles. But there is very little evidence in support of this claim. Unfortunately, such exercises don’t actually work. If anything, facial exercises can increase the odds of developing wrinkles. As muscles beneath the skin get toned, they become more prominent. Skin loses its elasticity with age, so the grooves that develop from toned facial muscles set the stage for major wrinkles later. Therefore it is always better to avoid this until some concrete proof comes up.

*Disclaimer : Result may vary from person to person.