Most anti-wrinkle creams simply hydrate the skin, plumping it out and making it look better temporarily. Though hydration plays an extremely important role in preventing the early signs of ageing it alone cannot suffice in providing effective & lasting results for ageing or wrinkled skin. Therefore whenever you buy an anti-wrinkle cream look for the following ingredients that have established anti-ageing properties:
- Retinoids (retinol & its derivatives): retinoids work by prompting surface skin cells to turn over and die rapidly, making way for new cell growth underneath. They slow the breakdown of collagen (which helps keep skin firm), bolster skin’s thickness and elasticity to minimize the appearance of wrinkles. Note: Creams that contain retinol are available in different concentrations and the ones having higher concentrations should only be used under the supervision of a dermatologist. Women who are planning on getting pregnant or who are pregnant should not use retinol creams, because there is a potential danger for the growing baby.
- Vitamin C(ascorbic acid): it increases collagen production (including dermal collagen, which is significant for wrinkle reduction), reduces the appearance of skin discolorations, strengthens skin barrier function and enhances skin’s repair process. Note: This degrades under direct sunlight.
- Niacinamide: this component of Vitamin B3 helps increase ceramide & fatty acid levels in the skin, prevent skin water loss, prevent sun damage and stimulate microcirculation in the dermis.
- Antioxidants: antioxidants help neutralize free-radicals to prevent oxidative damage of the cell membranes and preventing skin collagen from being destroyed. The most popular antioxidants used in creams include vitamins C and E, pomegranate, green tea, grape extract
- Ceramides & peptides: peptides are amino acids that help replenish the skin by promoting the growth of new skin cells and reduce the appearance of wrinkles on the skin. Ceramides make up about 20% of the skin’s intercellular matrix, the glue that holds skin cells together and thus helping maintain the skin its plump appearance.
- Hyluronic acid: hyaluronic acid has skin-replenishing properties, can enhance moisture content beyond comparison, and at the same time revitalize skin’s outer layers so they look softer & smoother. Being a humectant, hyaluronic acid’s moisture-binding characteristic is exceptionally important when it comes to skin aging. One of the qualities of youthful skin is its ability to hold water and retain a balanced amount of moisture. As we age, our skin loses the ability to maintain this vital, plumping moisture as well as it once did. The result is visible loss of firmness, pliability, and diminished appearance of plumpness and suppleness.